Most jurisdictions are not planning and do not possessemergency evacuation plans for the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station.

For Immediate Release: APRIL 14, 2015

CONTACT: Ben Smilowitz / / (202) 556-3023

ROCKVILLE, MD — Emergency planning and public education related to radiological incidents at the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station are inadequate, according to a new report by Disaster Accountability Project (DAP).

Federal regulations require jurisdictions within 10-mile “emergency planning zones” of U.S. nuclear power plants to develop evacuation protocols for responding to radiological incidents, and to provide to residents living within these zones annual information on radiation and protective actions during radiological emergencies.

Outside the 10-mile zones, local governments are not required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to plan for radiological emergency evacuations, or educate the general public on what to do in the event of a radiological emergency.

Without planning and regular public information, many residents living outside the 10-mile radius are likely to voluntarily evacuate, even if authorities deem their particular locations safe. Such voluntary “shadow evacuations” have the potential to complicate the evacuation of people most immediately in danger by, for instance, putting additional traffic on roadways, according to a Government Accountability Office (GAO) report. In response, the NRC claimed that such planning is unnecessary, saying that current 10-mile planning zones provide an “adequate” level of protection of public health and safety in the event of an emergency at a nuclear power plant.

Between June 2014 and July 2014, DAP surveyed six cities and counties in Florida within 50 miles of the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station in Biscayne Bay, FL, seeking documents and information related to radiological preparedness, including evacuation planning.

Key findings include the following:

  • Only three of the six jurisdictions within 50 miles of Turkey Point provided information about shadow evacuation planning or emergency radiological planning specific to the plant. Jurisdictions representing 650,000 people reported that they do not possess or are not aware of any shadow evacuation planning or emergency radiological planning specific to Turkey Point.

“Most communities situated ten or more miles from Turkey Point do not plan for radiological emergencies simply because Washington doesn’t require it,” said Ben Smilowitz, Executive Director, Disaster Accountability Project. “Most people that live 20, 30, or 40 miles away from plants do not realize that their communities are only adhering to bare-minimum standards for radiological emergency preparedness.”

“This report’s findings should serve as a wake-up call to local communities that if Washington is not going to demand emergency planning, residents should demand it themselves. We hope residents of these communities will call on their local governments to do more, regardless of any mandate from Washington,” said Smilowitz.


Both of the jurisdictions within 10 miles of Turkey Point — Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties — produced shadow evacuation planning or referred DAP to third parties in possession of such information. Outside of the 10-mile zone, Broward County was the only jurisdiction that provided any documents on shadow evacuations.

After an earthquake and tsunami severely damaged the Japanese Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in 2011, over 150,000 people were evacuated within 19 miles of the stricken plant due to the presence of radiological plumes. The NRC itself recommended that U.S. citizens evacuate as far as 50 miles of the plant. This distance exceeds the current mandatory planning zone of 10-miles, and the Commission has not satisfactorily reconciled this disparity between current planning and real-world implementation.

The “Report on Emergency Evacuation Planning for the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station” can be found here:



Since 2007, the nonprofit Disaster Accountability Project saves lives and reduces suffering after disasters by maximizing the impact of preparedness, response and relief through citizen oversight and engagement, policy research and advocacy, and public education. Connect with Disaster Accountability Project at